Schleswig-Holstein is the northernmost of the 16 states of Germany, comprising most of the historical duchy of
Holstein and the southern part of the former Duchy of Schleswig. Its capital city is Kiel; other notable cities
are Lübeck and Flensburg.
The region is called Slesvig-Holsten in Danish and pronounced [ˌsle̝ːsvi ˈhʌlˌste̝ˀn]. In more dated English, it
is also known as Sleswick-Holsatia. The Low German name is Sleswig-Holsteen, and the North Frisian name is
Slaswik-Holstiinj. Historically, the name can also refer to a larger region, containing both present-day
Schleswig-Holstein and the former South Jutland County (Northern Schleswig; now part of the Region of Southern
Denmark) in Denmark.
The term "Holstein" derives from Old Saxon Holseta Land, (Holz and Holt mean wood in modern Standardised German
and in literary English, respectively). Originally, it referred to the central of the three Saxon tribes north
of the River Elbe: Tedmarsgoi (Dithmarschen), Holstein and Sturmarii (Stormarn). The area of the tribe of the
Holsts was between the Stör River and Hamburg, and after Christianization, their main church was in Schenefeld.
Saxon Holstein became a part of the Holy Roman Empire after Charlemagne's Saxon campaigns in the late eighth
century. Since 811, the northern frontier of Holstein (and thus the Empire) was marked by the River Eider.
The term Schleswig comes from the city of Schleswig. The name derives from the Schlei inlet in the east and vik
meaning inlet in Old Norse or settlement in Old Saxon, and cognate with the "-wick" or "-wich" element in
place-names in Britain.
The Duchy of Schleswig or Southern Jutland was originally an integral part of Denmark, but was in medieval times
established as a fief under the Kingdom of Denmark, with the same relation to the Danish Crown as for example
Brandenburg or Bavaria vis-à-vis the Holy Roman Emperor. Around 1100, the Duke of Saxony gave Holstein, as it
was his own country, to Count Adolf I of Schauenburg.
Once we retire, our lives change suddenly and often in dramatic ways. We usually have a lot more
free time, our health becomes more important to us and some things become increasingly difficult
over time. In some cases, going to the nearest supermarket or visiting the doctor is a real
challenge. That is why we paid attention to leisure activities, but also to infrastructure and
health care, in the criteria for senior citizens.
is with round about 1,717 points from a maximum of 2,100
the front-runner among elderly people friendly cities and communities in Schleswig-Holstein.
follows closely with 1,659 points.
In third position, also following very closely, is
with 1,654 points.